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Knowledgebase:
MarkLogic & the Log4j Remote Code Execution Vulnerability (CVE-2021-44228)
25 January 2022 06:10 PM

Updates

Tuesday, January 25, 2022 : MarkLogic Server versions 10.0-8.3 (CentOS 7.8 and 8) is now available on the Azure marketplace. 

Monday, January 17, 2022 : MarkLogic Server 10.0-8.3 is now available on AWS marketplace;

Monday, January 10, 2022 : MarkLogic Server 10.0-8.3 released with Log4j 2.17.1. (ref: CVE-2021-44832 ).

Friday, January 7, 2022 : Fixed incorrect reference to log4j version included with MarkLogic 10.0-8.2 & 9.0-13.7.

Wednesday, January 05, 2022 : Updated workaround to reference Log4j 2.17.1. (ref: CVE-2021-44832 ).

Tuesday, December 28, 2021 : Add explicit note that for MarkLogic Server installations not on AWS, it is safe to remove the log4j files in the mlcmd/lib directory. 

Saturday, December 25, 2021: MLCP update to resolve CVE-2019-17571 is now available for download;

Friday, December 24, 2021: AWS & Azure Marketplace update;

Wednesday, December 22, 2021: additional detail regarding SumoCollector files; AWS & Azure Marketplace update; & MLCP note regarding CVE-2019-17571.

Monday, December 20, 2021: Updated workaround to reference Log4j 2.17.0.  (ref: CVE-2021-45105 )

Friday, December 17, 2021: Updated for the availability of MarkLogic Server versions 10.0-8.2 and 9.0-13.7;

Wednesday, December 15, 2021: Updated to include SumoLogic Controller reference for MarkLogic 10.0-6 through 10.0-7.3 on AWS;

Tuesday, December 14, 2021: This article had been updated to account for the new guidance and remediation steps in CVE-2021-45046;

"It was found that the fix to address CVE-2021-44228 in Apache Log4j 2.15.0 was incomplete in certain non-default configurations. This could allows attackers with control over Thread Context Map (MDC) input data when the logging configuration uses a non-default Pattern Layout with either a Context Lookup or a Thread Context Map pattern to craft malicious input data using a JNDI Lookup pattern resulting in a denial of service (DOS) attack. ..."

Monday, December 13, 2021: Original article published.

Subject

Important MarkLogic Security update on Log4j Remote Code Execution Vulnerability (CVE-2021-44228)

Summary

A flaw in Log4j, a Java library for logging error messages in applications, is the most high-profile security vulnerability on the internet right now and comes with a severity score of 10 out of 10. At MarkLogic, we take security very seriously and have been proactive in responding to all kinds of security threats. Recently a serious security vulnerability in the Java-based logging package Log4j  was discovered. Log4j is developed by the Apache Foundation and is widely used by both enterprise apps and cloud services. The bug, now tracked as CVE-2021-44228 and dubbed Log4Shell or LogJam, is an unauthenticated RCE ( Remote Code Execution ) vulnerability allowing complete system takeover on systems with Log4j 2.0-beta9 up to 2.14.1. 

As part of mitigation measures, Apache originally released Log4j 2.15.0 to address the maximum severity CVE-2021-44228 RCE vulnerability.  However, that solution was found to be incomplete (CVE-2021-45046) and Apache has since released Log4j 2.16.0. This vulnerability can be mitigated in prior releases (<2.16.0) by removing the JndiLookup class from the classpath.  Components/Products using the log4j library are advised to upgrade to the latest release ASAP seeing that attackers are already searching for exploitable targets.

MarkLogic Server

MarkLogic Server version 10.0-8.3 now includes Log4j 2.17.1. (ref: CVE-2021-44832 ).

MarkLogic Server versions 10.0-8.2 & 9.0-13.7 includes log4j 2.16.0, replacing all previously included log4j modules affected by this vulnerability. 

MarkLogic Server versions 10.0-8.3 & 9.0-13.7 are available for download from our developer site at https://developer.marklogic.com/products/marklogic-server

MarkLogic Server versions 10.0-8.3 & 9.0-13.7 are  available on the AWS Marketplace.  

MarkLogic Server versions 10.0-8.3 (CentOS 7.8 and 8) & 9.0-13.7 (CentOS 8) VMs are available in the Azure marketplace. 

MarkLogic Server does not use log4j2 within the core server product. 

However, CVE-2021-44228 has been determined to impact the Managed Cluster System (MLCMD) in AWS

Note: log4j is included in the MarkLogic Server installation, but it is only used by MLCMD on AWS. For MarkLogic Server installations not on AWS, you can simply remove the log4j files in the mlcmd/lib directory (sudo rm /opt/MarkLogic/mlcmd/lib/log4j*).

AWS Customers can use the following workaround to mitigate exposure to the CVE.

Impacted versions

The versions that are affected by the Log4Shell vulnerability are

  • 10.0-6.3 through 10.0-8.1 on AWS 
  • 9.0-13.4 through 9.0-13.6 on AWS 

Earlier versions of MLCMD use a log4j version that is not affected by this vulnerability.

How to check log4j version used by MarkLogic Managed Cluster System in AWS 

  1. Access the instance/VM via SSH.
  2. Run the following command ls /opt/MarkLogic/mlcmd/lib/ | grep "log4j"

If the log4j jar files returned are between 2.0-beta9 and up to 2.14.1 then the system contains this vulnerability.

An example response from a system containing the CVE:

log4j-1.2-api-2.14.1.jar
log4j-api-2.14.1.jar
log4j-core-2.14.1.jar

In the above case, the log4j dependencies are running version 2.14.1 which is affected.

Workaround

The following workaround can be executed on a running MarkLogic service, without stopping it.

AWS

1.  ssh into your EC2 instance, you must have sudo access in order to make the changes necessary for the fix.

2.  Download and extract the Log4j 2.17.1 dependency from apache. 

curl https://dlcdn.apache.org/logging/log4j/2.17.1/apache-log4j-2.17.1-bin.tar.gz  --output log4j.tar.gz && tar -xf log4j.tar.gz

  • If your EC2 instance does not have outbound external internet access, download the dependency onto a machine that does, and then scp the file over to the relevant ec2 instance via a bastion host.

3. Move the relevant log4j dependencies to the /opt/MarkLogic/mlcmd/lib/ folder IE:

sudo mv ./apache-log4j-2.17.1-bin/log4j-core-2.17.1.jar /opt/MarkLogic/mlcmd/lib/
sudo mv ./apache-log4j-2.17.1-bin/log4j-api-2.17.1.jar /opt/MarkLogic/mlcmd/lib/
sudo mv ./apache-log4j-2.17.1-bin/log4j-1.2-api-2.17.1.jar /opt/MarkLogic/mlcmd/lib/

4. Remove the old log4j dependencies

sudo rm /opt/MarkLogic/mlcmd/lib/log4j-core-2.14.1.jar
sudo rm /opt/MarkLogic/mlcmd/lib/log4j-1.2-api-2.14.1.jar
sudo rm /opt/MarkLogic/mlcmd/lib/log4j-api-2.14.1.jar

SumoLogic Collector

AMIs for MarkLogic versions 10.0-6 through 10.0-7.3 were shipped with the SumoCollector libraries.  These libraries are not needed nor are they executed by MarkLogic Server. Starting with MarkLogic version 10.0-8, the SumoCollector libraries are no longer shipped with the MarkLogic AMIs.

It is safe to remove those libraries from all the instances that you have launched using any of the MarkLogic AMIs available in Market place. You can remove the SumoCollector directory and all it's files under /opt.

Additionally, if you have created any clusters using the Cloud Formation templates (managed cluster feature), we would suggest that you delete the SumoCollector directory under /opt if exists.  Once MarkLogic releases new AMIs, you can update the stack with new AMI ID and perform a rolling restart of nodes so that the permanent fix would be in place.

Other Platforms

For the impacted MarkLogic versions listed above running on platforms besides AWS, the log4j jars are included in the MarkLogic installation folder but are never used.  The steps listed in the workaround above can still be applied to these systems even though the systems themselves are not impacted.

MarkLogic Java Client

The MarkLogic Java Client API has neither a direct nor indirect dependency on log4j. The MarkLogic Java Client API  does use the industry-standard SLF4J abstract interface for logging. Any conformant logging library can provide the concrete implementation of the SLF4J interface. By default, MarkLogic uses the logback implementation of the SLF4J interface. The logback library doesn't have the vulnerability that exists in the log4j library. Customers who have chosen to override logback with log4j may have the vulnerability.  Such customers should either revert to the default logback library or follow the guidance provided by log4j to address the vulnerability: https://logging.apache.org/log4j/2.x/security.html

MarkLogic Data Hub & Hub Central

The MarkLogic Data Hub & Hub Central are not affected directly by log4j vulnerability, Datahub and Hub Central used Spring boot and spring has an option to switch default logging to use log4j, which Data Hub does not.
The log4j-to-slf4j and log4j-api jars that we include in spring-boot-starter-logging cannot be exploited on their own. By default, MarkLogic Data Hub uses the logback implementation of the SLF4J interface. 
The logback library doesn't have the vulnerability that exists in the log4j library.  Please refer: https://spring.io/blog/2021/12/10/log4j2-vulnerability-and-spring-boot 

MarkLogic Data Hub Service

For MarkLogic Data Hub Service customers, no action is needed at this time. All systems have been thoroughly scanned and patched with the recommended fixes wherever needed. 

MarkLogic Content Pump (MLCP)

MarkLogic Content Pump 10.0-8.2 & 9.0-13.7 are now available for download from developer.marklogic.com and GitHub. This release resolves the the CVE-2019-17571 vulnerability.

MLCP versions 10.0-1 through 10.0-8.2 and versions prior to 9.0-13.6 used an older version of log4j-1.2.17 that is not affected by the primary vulnerability discussed in this article (CVE-2021-44228), but mlcp versions prior to 10.0-8.2 are affected by the critical vulnerability CVE-2019-17571.

MLCP v10.0-8.2 & MLCP v9.0-13.7 specific workaround for CVE-2021-44832

The following workaround can be executed on a host with mlcp

1.  Download and extract the Log4j 2.17.1 dependency from apache. 

curl https://dlcdn.apache.org/logging/log4j/2.17.1/apache-log4j-2.17.1-bin.tar.gz  --output log4j.tar.gz && tar -xf log4j.tar.gz

2. Move the relevant log4j dependencies to the $MLCP_PATH/lib/ folder IE:

sudo mv ./apache-log4j-2.17.1-bin/log4j-core-2.17.1.jar $MLCP_PATH/lib/
sudo mv ./apache-log4j-2.17.1-bin/log4j-api-2.17.1.jar $MLCP_PATH/lib/
sudo mv ./apache-log4j-2.17.1-bin/log4j-1.2-api-2.17.1.jar $MLCP_PATH/lib/
sudo mv ./apache-log4j-2.17.1-bin/log4j-jcl-2.17.1.jar $MLCP_PATH/lib/
sudo mv ./apache-log4j-2.17.1-bin/log4j-slf4j-impl-2.17.1.jar $MLCP_PATH/lib/

2. Remove the old log4j dependencies

sudo rm $MLCP_PATH/lib/log4j-core-2.17.0.jar
sudo rm $MLCP_PATH/lib/log4j-1.2-api-2.17.0.jar
sudo rm $MLCP_PATH/lib/log4j-api-2.17.0.jar
sudo rm $MLCP_PATH/lib/log4j-jcl-2.17.0.jar
sudo rm $MLCP_PATH/lib/log4j-slf4j-impl-2.17.0.jar

MarkLogic-supported client libraries, tools

All other MarkLogic-supported client libraries, tools, and products are not affected by this security vulnerability.  

Verified Not Affected

The following MarkLogic Projects, Libraries and Tools have been verified by the MarkLogic Engineering team as not being affected by this vulnerability

  • Apache Spark Connector
  • AWS Glue Connector
  • Corb-2
  • Data Hub Central Community Edition
  • Data Hub QuickStart
  • Jena Client - Distro not affected, but some tests contain log4j;
  • Kafka Connector
  • MLCP - uses an older version of log4j that is not affected CVE-2021-44228), but it is affected by CVE-2019-17571.  See notes above. 
  • ml-gradle
  • MuleSoft Connector - The MarkLogic Connector does not depend on log4j2, but it does leverage the MarkLogic Java Client API (see earlier comments); 
  • Nifi Connector
  • XCC

MarkLogic Open Source and Community-owned projects

If you are using one of the MarkLogic open-source projects which have a direct or transient dependency on Log4j 2 up to version 2.14.1 please either upgrade the Log4j to version 2.16.0 or implement the workaround in prior releases (<2.16.0) by removing the JndiLookup class from the classpath.  Please refer: https://logging.apache.org/log4j/2.x/security.html

MarkLogic is dedicated to supporting our customers, partners, and developer community to ensure their safety. If you have a registered support account, feel free to contact support@marklogic.com with any additional questions.

More information about the log4j vulnerability can be found at

https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2021-44228 or

https://logging.apache.org/log4j/2.x/security.html 

https://www.cisa.gov/uscert/ncas/current-activity/2021/12/13/cisa-creates-webpage-apache-log4j-vulnerability-cve-2021-44228

https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2021-45046 

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